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Caryophyllene, a.k.a. beta-caryophyllene or BCP, is one of the most widespread terpenes in cannabis.
Beyond cannabis, you’ve definitely encountered caryophyllene and its distinctive peppery, herbal bite on the nose in various spices, plants, and herbs, including black pepper, cinnamon, clove, basil, oregano, and hops. Perhaps cracked black pepper’s signature kick is where caryophyllene’s presence is most palpable.
Besides its prominence in cannabis and other plant species, caryophyllene is famous for a truly unique property among terpenes – its ability to bind to the CB2 receptors, which is attributed to its molecular structure, and more specifically the cyclobutane ring which no other terpene possesses.